What are the Potential Benefits of Colonizing Venus?
It would take less time and money to send missions there, because Venus is the closest planet to earth.
There would be less risk of explosive decompression for floating settlements established in Venus atmosphere. This works only since there is no significant difference between the inside and outside pressure of the flying habitats. As a result it would be easier to repair.
In addition, humans would not require pressurized suits to venture outside, as they would on Mars or other planets. Though they would still need oxygen tanks and protection against the acid rain when working outside their habitats, work crews would find the environment far more hospitable.
Solar panels would be also very effective as Venus gets enough solar energy.
Venus is also close in size and mass to the Earth, resulting in a surface gravity that would be much easier to adapt to (0.904 g).
Also Nitrogen in the atmosphere of Venus could be used to terraform the Martian atmosphere or for orbital stations.
What are the Challenges of Colonizing Venus?
As you can imagine, colonizing a planet like Venus also comes with a huge amount of challenges.
Even though floating colonies would be removed from the extreme heat and pressure of the surface, there would still be the danger of the sulfuric acid rain. This means that as well the colonies as work crews and airships would also need protection.
At last, colonizing Venus would be very expensive. Even though launch windows occurring more often, and a shorter transit time of about five months, it would still require a huge investment to transport all the necessary materials. Also the robot workers would need to assemble them to build even a single floating colony in Venus’ atmosphere.
All in all we should colonize the Moon and Mars at first, as we have to develop the technology for colonizing Venus.
If you haven’t read our first Article about Colonizing Venus, check it out!